Help from Artificial Intelligence for MPs
GS 2 :Parliament and State Legislature Government Policies and Interventions
GS 3 :Science and Technology
why in discussion
- Most mature democracies now use AI tools to improve legislation and parliamentary procedures.
About Artificial Intelligence:
- Entrepreneurs, political leaders and policy makers around the world are interested in Artificial Intelligence (AI).
- It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs.
- It is similar to the task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but AI is not limited to biologically observable methods.
- Artificial Intelligence will not replace humans but will create new opportunities in various disciplines.
- If we can train our machines, it can automate processes in milliseconds and do wonders for us.
- Artificial Intelligence is creating new opportunities which were not possible with traditional technology.
Artificial Intelligence tools to assist legislators:
general parliamentary work
- AI tools can assist parliamentarians in preparing responses for legislators, enhancing the quality of research, obtaining information on any bill, preparing memorandums, providing information on specific House rules, legislative drafting, amendments, interventions, etc. .
- They can also empower legislators to make informed decisions by providing access to information about citizen grievances, media opinion and the voices of citizen-focused associations.
making policies and attracting attention
- Compared to Western democracies, MPs in India manage constituencies with large populations.
- AI can analyze citizen complaints and social media reactions, flagging issues and priorities that require immediate attention.
- AI can also assist parliamentarians in getting citizen input for public consultation of laws and preparing a manifesto.
around the laws
AI is also capable of simulating the possible consequences of laws.
- Various datasets, such as the census, data on household consumption, taxpayers, program beneficiaries, and public infrastructure can be modelled.
- In such a scenario, AI can reveal potential policy consequences.
- Also, it can help in identifying laws that are out of date in the present context and require amendment.
|Global practices of using AI in law:
• Many parliaments around the world are currently actively experimenting with AI-powered assistants.
• The United States House of Representatives has implemented an AI tool to automate analysis of differences between bills, amendments and existing laws. It greatly helps legislative personnel to understand the impact of amending provisions in bills moving through the legislative process.
• The House of Representatives of the Netherlands has implemented the “Speech2Write” system, which converts speech into text and “translates” it into written reports.
• According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union (an international organization of national parliaments), “Speech2Write includes automatic speech recognition and automatic editing capabilities that can remove filler words, make grammatical corrections, and propose editing decisions.” Are.”
• Japan’s artificial intelligence tool helps prepare legislative responses and automatically select relevant highlights in parliamentary debates.
• Brazil has developed an artificial intelligence system called Ulysses that promotes transparency and citizen engagement.
Challenges for India:
issues with existing laws
- Before implementing AI in India, we should codify our laws. Existing laws are opaque and complex, and there is a significant translation divide between law-making, law-enforcing, and law-interpreting organizations.
- The creation of the India Code Portal by the Government of India is commendable, but cannot be relied upon as the “single source of truth”.
Interface with full range of process
- The interface should have a full gamut from the original Act to subordinate pieces of legislation passed by the Central Government and amendment notifications, allowing any entity to get a 360-degree perspective.
- The interface should have a complete gamut from the original Act to the subordinate pieces of legislation and amendment notifications passed by the Central Government. In exceptional circumstances, such as the spread of COVID-19, the importance of this requirement increases.
- For example, with respect to COVID-19, the federal government issued more than 900 notifications, while state governments issued more than 6,000 notifications.
Single window for all laws
- We must make laws machine-readable with a central law engine that can serve as a single source of truth for all Acts, Subordinate Legislations, Gazettes, Compliances and Regulations.
- For example, the AI can tell us whether an entrepreneur is looking to set up a manufacturing unit in Maharashtra and what applicable laws and regulations apply.
- If a citizen wishes to verify eligibility for welfare programs, the AI can recommend which programs are eligible based on the information provided by the citizen.
keeping up with existing infrastructure
- India is innovating and striving to digitize parliamentary activities through initiatives like ‘One Nation, One Application’ and National e-Vidhan (Neva) Portal.
- The COVID-19 pandemic has given a significant boost to the Digital India initiative and digitization of services.
- This momentum should be maintained and harnessed in the field of legislation, policy making and parliamentary activities to leverage the power of artificial intelligence.
- It must be ensured that the use of Artificial Intelligence is encouraged in an open, transparent and citizen-friendly manner.
- AI is a powerful tool, but we must remember that it is a means to an end and not an end in itself.
Daily main question
[Q] How can artificial intelligence tools be used to improve Indian law and parliamentary procedures? What are the barriers and effective solutions?