IN NEWS : A National Green Hydrogen Mission worth 19,744 crores was approved by the Union Cabinet.
Do you Know?
National Green Hydrogen Mission
- According to the Mission “Facilitate demand generation, production, utilisation, and export of Green Hydrogen,” It seeks to establish India as a “global hub” for the use, production, and export of green hydrogen.
- The mission has set a goal to build a green hydrogen production capacity of at least 5 MMT (Million Metric Tonne) annually in order to encourage the commercial production of the fuel and make India a net exporter of it.
- This is alongside adding renewable energy capacity of about 125 GW (gigawatt) in the country.
There are two sub-missions under the program:
- the Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition Programme (SIGHT), which will provide funding for residential electrolyzer production and green hydrogen.
- Support experimental production methods and end-use industries.
- States and regions capable of supporting large-scale production and/or utilisation of hydrogen will be identified and developed as Green Hydrogen Hubs.
- It will require the decarbonization of the transportation, energy, and industrial sectors
- It can be utilised to produce power or as fuel in businesses or automobiles;reducing dependence on imported fossil fuels and feedstock;
- establishing employment possibilities, o building up domestic manufacturing capacity,
- creating new technologies like effective fuel cells.
• Green hydrogen development is still in the nascent stages globally and while India can take the lead in being a major producer, it doesn’t have the necessary infrastructure yet.
- Green hydrogen system end-to-end optimization can be expensive and extremely difficult.
• A small pool of skilled workers.
• Transporting and storing green hydrogen is exceedingly difficult.
- It is a highly flammable gas with a low volumetric density, requiring investment in specialized pipelines and carriers.
• Extreme energy losses Every step of the supply chain results in significant energy losses for green hydrogen.
• Limited bankability due to decreased awareness about the best design and return on investment.
Suggestions and Way Ahead
- • Green hydrogen is regarded as the most trustworthy source of energy for the future because it is created using a clean procedure.
- • India needs to develop both its huge industrial sectors and the infrastructure of its small manufacturing and related businesses if it is to achieve its goals.
- • India has to make incentives public in order to persuade enough industrial hydrogen users to switch to green hydrogen.
- • In order to ensure that lakhs of people can be properly trained to adapt to a viable green hydrogen economy, it must construct supply chains in the form of pipelines, tankers, intermediate storage, and last-leg distribution networks. It must also put in place an effective skill development programme.
Mains Practise Question
[Q]DISCUSS about the National Green Hydrogen Mission’s goals.WHY India’s desire to become a LEADING EXPORTER
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